Welfare Reform

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April 25, 2018

Applying Lessons Learned From Welfare Reform to Proposed SNAP Work Requirements

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In the 1990s, states initiated and drove welfare reform by proposing experimental or pilot projects under federal waivers.  As the state administrator for Iowa’s welfare program in 1993 and as the Michigan human services director at the turn of the century, I oversaw efforts to shift the charter of the program from providing financial support to actively helping families achieve economic stability through employment.

August 29, 2017

Designing Work Programs for Medicaid Populations to Achieve Meaningful Outcomes

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The federal government is encouraging waivers to promote innovative approaches to increase employment in Medicaid populations. As states consider work programs in the context of promoting personal responsibility and self-sufficiency, MAXIMUS Senior Vice President of Human Services North America Doug Howard suggests four design attributes that tie to meaningful outcomes.

August 31, 2016

Celebrating 20 Years of Welfare Reform – Part 5: The Future of Welfare Reform

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The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) was signed into law on August 22, 1996, marking one of the most significant social policy reforms in recent history. It dramatically transformed the entitlement system Aid to Families with Dependent Children (known as AFDC or ADC), which had emphasized cash welfare payments over employment. Doug Howard, a former state administrator who ran welfare programs in Iowa and Michigan, shares his insights in a series of blogs about the transformation that started before 1996 and has continued over two decades.